There are many health risks of obesity. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a clear definition of obesity. A high BMI is bad for the health of an individual. It shows that the person has a poor, unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity in their life. Obesity makes you weak and slows down your physiological functions. It can even lead to a very serious illness.

There are various diseases that are connected to obesity and they are:

Cardiovascular Problems:

Obese people develop congestible heart failure. This is a condition in which the individual's heart is not capable of pumping enough blood to the different body organs. In turn, they can not carry on with their normal physiological functions.

Some people also get an enlarged heart which is usually caused by the thickening of the heart muscle. This happens because of the increased workload of the heart which further increases its size. And this is all because of the excess fat in your body.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

Women who are obese have the tendency to develop Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. The ovaries develop cysts due to high levels of the male hormone Androgen which is secreted in high amounts. The women end up missing their periods and suffering from menstrual disorders. Some females also develop fibroids, benign growths, in the muscles of the uterus. This disturbs their menstrual cycle, causing pain and heavy bleeding. At times most women also turn infertile due to obesity and this may end up ruining their life. That is why you should try to follow an active lifestyle to stay fit and in good shape.

Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease:

Obese people develop gastro intestinal problems. They may have growths that act as a valve between the esophagus and stomach. Sometimes they open up spontaneously and cause the stomach contents of the stomach, including its digestive juices, to rise up. The people end up feeling sever heart burn. This medical condition may cause more serious medical complications.

Fatty Liver Diseases:

The accumulation of fat can cause liver damage, inflammation and the formation of fibrous tissue in this vital organ. This can cause cirrhosis, which is irreversible liver scaring. This condition may also lead to cancer in the end.

It is always best for you to eat healthy food, drink adequate amounts of water and be physically active. In this way, all your body organs will perform their regular functions perfectly.

Choleithiasis:

This is the term used for development of gall stones. These usually form when the cholesterol levels in the body increase. The gall stones are formed by the hardening of the bile. This hinders the digestion of body fat.

Colorectal Cancer:

Obesity leads to colorectal cancer. It may promote the development of cancerous growth in the colon, appendix and rectum. This is the second most common type of cancer in the world and obese people fall victim to it mostly.

Chronic Renal Failure:

Obesity is the leading cause of many illnesses, as it weakens the organs of the body and their functioning and lowers immunity. Obese people may suffer from chronic renal failure. This condition is characterized by the gradual and progressive loss of the kidneys' ability to filter the waste material in the body. This can lead to life threatening situations, if the condition is not valued in due time.

Urinary Incontinence:

Women usually end up with this problem, as obesity causes loss of bladder control. This lack of control results in mild urine leakages, but it can also turn into uncontrollable wetting. This certainly causes great embarrassment. When you are unable to control your bladder, you may suffer from urinary tract infections too. For all these reasons, it's best to do pelvic exercises that will help you improve your bladder control. These should be accompanied by a weight loss diet as well.

Stretch Marks:

Obesity causes stretch marks that make your skin look ugly and rough. That is why you should try to lose weight in a healthy way by adopting good eating habits and a regular exercise program. This will help you to stay fit and elegant.

Respiratory Disorders:

Many obese people also have difficulty breathing. Some suffer from sleep apnea. This is a sleep disorder in which the patients stop breathing for short durations of time while sleep and end up with an oxygen deficiency. In extreme obesity cases, patients also end up with hypoventilation syndrome. They can not breathe normal levels of oxygen.

In order to avoid all these diseases caused by obesity, you need a healthy diet and exercise.